Use of a phosphopeptide as a ligand to purify phospholipase A2 from the venom of Crotalus durisuss terrificus by affinity chromatography. Saavedra et al., J. Chromatogr B, 2020


•Phospholipase A2, a subunit of Crotalus durissus terrificus crotoxin (present in this snake venom) is a possible antiviral agent.
•Peptides can be used as affinity chromatography ligands for protein purification.
•The use of a phosphopeptide as a ligand to purify phospholipase A2 is proposed.
•With this method, all the phospholipases A2 present in the venom were recovered with good purity.

Abstract

The venom of Crotalus durissus terrificus (Cdt) is a source of a wide variety of toxins, some of them with interesting pharmacological applications. Of these toxins, the phospholipase A2 (PLA2) subunit of crotoxin (Ctx) has been studied for its potential as an antiviral and antibacterial agent. Peptides have proven useful ligands for the purification of numerous molecules, including antibodies, toxins, enzymes and other proteins. Here, we sought to use a phosphopeptide (P-Lys) as a ligand for PLA2 purification. P-Lys was synthesized in solid phase on Rink-Amide-ChemMatrix resin, immobilized on NHS-agarose, and then evaluated as a chromatographic matrix. Under the best conditions, total protein adsorption reached 39% and only the eluate fraction presented PLA2 activity. Analysis of the eluate by SDS-PAGE showed three bands, one corresponding to the molecular weight of PLA2 (14 kDa). Said bands were analyzed by mass spectrometry and identified as PLA2 and its multimers. The final product showed a purity of over 90%. In addition, slightly changing the process conditions also allowed the isolation of crotamine.